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Vernacular Architecture Reading List

This reading list in vernacular architecture is offered as a manageable starting point for anyone who wishes to learn more about the field, to revisit particular topics or approaches, or to think more fully about shared concerns and the scholarship that addresses them.  It is by no means comprehensive of everything every published (please see our Bibliography section for many additional references), but strives toward comprehensiveness in terms of excellent scholarship and foundational works in the field, with an emphasis on the topics and works that have consistently attracted the interest of VAF members.  It is, however, also a work in progress.

Suggestions for additional references or for expansion of the reading list with new categories are welcome. Please contact the Web Editor at editor@vafweb.org

References are tagged with subject categories.  It will soon be possible to list readings in each category separately.  

Categories

agriculture
anthology
article
bibliography
big picture
classic
commercial
community
definitions
domestic
fieldwork
gender
genre
getting started
industrial-era
landscape & geography
monograph
nation
race & ethnicity
reference
region
roadside
rural
suburban
techniques & technologies
urban


Full List of Works

Ames, Kenneth L. Beyond Necessity: Art in the Folk Tradition. Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Museum, 1977.
categories: classic, definitions.

Asquith, Lindsay, and Marcel Vellinga, eds. Vernacular Architecture in the Twenty-first Century: Theory, Education and Practice. London: Taylor & Francis, 2006.
categories: anthology, definitions.

Belcher, Max, Svend E. Holsoe, and Bernard L. Herman. A Land and Life Remembered: Americo-Liberian Folk Architecture. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1988.
categories: nation, race & ethnicity, region.

Bishir, Catherine W., Charlotte V. Brown, Carl R. Lounsbury, and Ernest H. Wood III. Architects and Builders in North Carolina: A History of the Practice of Building. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.
categories: community, monograph, techniques & technologies.

Blackmar, Elizabeth. Manhattan for Rent, 1785-1850. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989.
categories: monograph, urban.

Borchert, James. Alley Life in Washington: Family, Community, Religion, and Folklife in the City, 1850-1970. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1980.
categories: community, domestic, monograph, race & ethnicity, urban.

Bourdier, Jean-Paul, and T. Minh-Ha Trinh. African Spaces: Designs for Living in Upper Volta. New York: Africana Pub. Co., 1985.
categories: community, race & ethnicity, region.

Bourgeois, Jean-Louis. Spectacular Vernacular: The Adobe Tradition. 2nd ed. New York: Aperture Foundation, 1996.
categories: region, techniques & technologies.

Brunskill, R. W. Illustrated Handbook of Vernacular Architecture. 3rd ed.  London: Faber and Faber, 1987.
categories: classic, getting started, reference, techniques & technologies.

Buggeln, Gretchen Townsend. Temples of Grace: The Material Transformation of Connecticut's Churches, 1790-1840. Hanover, Conn.: University Press of New England, 2003.
categories: genre, monograph, region.

Burns, John A., ed. Recording Historic Structures. 2nd ed. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2004.
categories: fieldwork, techniques & technologies.

Calloway, Stephen, Elizabeth C. Cromley, and Alan Powers, eds. The Elements of Style: An Encyclopedia of Domestic Architectural Detail. Rev. ed. Buffalo, N.Y.: Firefly Books, 2005.
categories: domestic, reference.

Carson, Cary, Norman F. Barka, William M. Kelso, Garry Wheeler Stone, and Dell Upton. “Impermanent Architecture in the Southern American Colonies.” Winterthur Portfolio 16, no. 2/3 (1981): 135-196.
categories: article, classic, community, region, techniques & technologies.

Carter, Thomas, ed. Images of an American Land: Vernacular Architecture in the Western United States. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1997.
categories: anthology, region.

Carter, Thomas, and Elizabeth C. Cromley. Invitation to Vernacular Architecture: A Guide to the Study of Ordinary Buildings and Landscapes. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2005.
categories: bibliography, fieldwork, getting started, techniques & technologies.

Carter, Thomas, and Peter L. Goss. Utah's Historic Architecture, 1847-1940: A Guide. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1988.
categories: reference, region.

Chow, Renee Y. Suburban Space: The Fabric of Dwelling. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.
categories: domestic, suburban.

Cromley, Elizabeth C. Alone Together: A History of New York's Early Apartments. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990.
categories: genre, monograph, urban.

Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England. Revised ed. New York: Hill and Wang, 2003.
categories: landscape & geography, region.

Cummings, Abbott Lowell. The Framed Houses of Massachusetts Bay, 1625-1725. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1979.
categories: classic, domestic, genre, techniques & technologies.

Deetz, James. In Small Things Forgotten: An Archaeology of Early American Life. Revised ed. New York: Anchor Books, 1996.
categories: classic, fieldwork, getting started, techniques & technologies.

---. Invitation to Archaeology. Garden City, N.Y.: Published for the American Museum of Natural History by the Natural History Press, 1967.
categories: classic, fieldwork, techniques & technologies.

Denyer, Susan. African Traditional Architecture: An Historical and Geographical Perspective. New York: Africana Pub. Co, 1978.
categories: landscape & geography, region.

Fitchen, John, and Gregory D. Huber. The New World Dutch Barn: The Evolution, Forms, and Structure of a Disappearing Icon. 2nd ed. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 2001.
categories: agriculture, genre, techniques & technologies.

Gardi, René. Indigenous African Architecture.  Translated by Sigrid MacRae. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1974.
categories: region.

Garrison, J. Ritchie. Two Carpenters: Architecture and Building in Early New England, 1799-1859. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2006.
categories: community, monograph, region, techniques & technologies.

Garvan, Anthony N. B. Architecture and Town Planning in Colonial Connecticut. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1951.
categories: classic, region, urban.

Glassie, Henry H. “Eighteenth-Century Cultural Process in Delaware Valley Folk Building.” Winterthur Portfolio 7 (1972): 29-57.
categories: article, classic, landscape & geography, region, techniques & technologies.

---. Folk Housing in Middle Virginia: A Structural Analysis of Historic Artifacts. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1975.
categories: classic, domestic, genre, monograph, region, techniques & technologies.

---. Passing the Time in Ballymenone: Culture and History of an Ulster Community. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982.
categories: classic, domestic, region.

---. Pattern in the Material Folk Culture of the Eastern United States. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1969.
categories: classic, landscape & geography, region, techniques & technologies.

---. Vernacular Architecture. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000.
categories: big picture, getting started.

Gottfried, Herbert, and Jan Jennings. American Vernacular Design, 1870-1940. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1988.
categories: reference.

Groth, Paul. “Making New Connections in Vernacular Architecture.” The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 58, no. 3 (September 1999): 444-451.
categories: article, bibliography, definitions.

Groth, Paul Erling. Living Downtown: The History of Residential Hotels in the United States. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
categories: genre, monograph, urban.

Groth, Paul Erling, and Todd W. Bressi, eds. Understanding Ordinary Landscapes. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.
categories: anthology, landscape & geography.

Groth, Paul Erling, and Chris Wilson. “The Polyphony of Cultural Landscape Study.” In Everyday America: Cultural Landscape Studies After J.B. Jackson, edited by Chris Wilson and Paul Erling Groth, 1-22. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.
categories: article, landscape & geography.

Hayden, Dolores. The Grand Domestic Revolution: A History of Feminist Designs for American Homes, Neighborhoods, and Cities. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1981.
categories: domestic, gender, suburban, urban.

---. The Power of Place: Urban Landscapes as Public History. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1995.
categories: community, urban.

Hayward, Mary Ellen, and Charles Belfoure. The Baltimore Rowhouse. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999.
categories: domestic, genre, urban.

Heath, Kingston Wm. The Patina of Place: The Cultural Weathering of a New England Industrial Landscape. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2001.
categories: domestic, industrial-era, monograph, race & ethnicity, urban.

Herman, Bernard L. Architecture and Rural Life in Central Delaware, 1700-1900. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1999.
categories: agricutlure, region, rural.

---. The Stolen House. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1992.
categories: community, definitions, monograph, region, rural.

---. Town House: Architecture and Material Life in the Early American City, 1780-1830. Chapel Hill: Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture by the University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
categories: domestic, genre, urban.

Hise, Greg. Magnetic Los Angeles: Planning the Twentieth-century Metropolis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.
categories: region, suburban, urban.

Hofstra, Warren R. The Planting of New Virginia: Settlement and Landscape in the Shenandoah Valley. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.
categories: agriculture, community, landscape & geography, region, rural.

Hubka, Thomas C. Big House, Little House, Back House, Barn: The Connected Farm Buildings of New England. Reprint.  Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 2004.
categories: agriculture, domestic, genre, region, rural.

---. Resplendent Synagogue: Architecture and Worship in an Eighteenth-century Polish Community. Hanover, N.H.: Brandeis University Press, published by University Press of New England, 2003.
categories: community, genre, region.

Hull, Richard W. African Cities and Towns Before the European Conquest. New York: Norton, 1976.
categories: region, urban.

Isenberg, Alison. Downtown America: A History of the Place and the People Who Made It. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.
categories: big picture, commercial, urban.

Isham, Norman Morrison, and Albert F. Brown. Early Connecticut Houses; an Historical and Architectural Study. 1900; Reprint. New York: Dover Publications, 1965.
categories: classic, domestic.

---. Early Rhode Island Houses. Providence, R.I.: Preston & Rounds, 1895.
categories: classic, domestic.

Jackson, John Brinckerhoff. Discovering the Vernacular Landscape. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984.
categories: big picture, classic, geography & landscape.

---. Landscape in Sight: Looking at America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.
categories: big picture, landscape & geography.

Jackson, Kenneth T. Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.
categories: monograph, suburban.

Jennings, Jan, and Herbert Gottfried. American Vernacular Interior Architecture, 1870-1940. Reprint. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1993.
categories: genre, reference.

Jordan, Terry G. Texas Log Buildings, a Folk Architecture. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978.
categories: classic, genre, techniques & technologies.

King, Anthony D. The Bungalow: The Production of a Global Culture. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
categories: big picture, domestic, genre, monograph, nation.

Knapp, Ronald G. China's Vernacular Architecture: House Form and Culture. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989.
categories: domstic, nation, region.

Kniffen, Fred, and Henry Glassie. “Building in Wood in the Eastern United States: A Time-Place Perspective.” Geographical Review 56, no. 1 (January 1966): 40-66.
categories: article, classic, landscape & geography, techniques & technologies.

Kwolek-Folland, Angel. Engendering Business: Men and Women in the Corporate Office, 1870-1930. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.
categories: gender, genre.

---. “Gender as a Category of Analysis in Vernacular Architecture Studies.” In Gender, Class and Shelter: Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture V, edited by Elizabeth Collins Cromley and Carter L. Hudgins, 3-10. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1995.
categories: article, gender.

Lanier, Gabrielle M. The Delaware Valley in the Early Republic: Architecture, Landscape, and Regional Identity. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.
categories: monograph, region.

Lanier, Gabrielle M., and Bernard L. Herman. Everyday Architecture of the Mid-Atlantic: Looking at Buildings and Landscapes. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.
categories: definitions, fieldwork, getting started, region.

Lavoie, Catherine C. “Recording Vernacular Building Forms.” In Recording Historic Structures, edited by John A. Burns, 142-157. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2004.
categories: article, fieldwork.

Lewis, Peirce. “Learning from Looking: Geographic and Other Writing about the American Cultural Landscape.” American Quarterly 35, no. 3 (1983): 242-261.
categories: article, bibliography, getting started, landscape & geography.

Lewis, Peirce F. New Orleans: The Making of an Urban Landscape. 2nd ed. Sante Fe, N.M.: Center for American Places in association with the University of Virginia Press, 2003.
categories: monograph, region, urban.

Liebs, Chester H. Main Street to Miracle Mile: American Roadside Architecture. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.
categories: commercial, roadside.

Longstreth, Richard W. City Center to Regional Mall: Architecture, the Automobile, and Retailing in Los Angeles, 1920-1950. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1997.
categories: commercial, industrial-era, monograph, roadside, suburban, urban.

---. The Buildings of Main Street: A Guide to American Commercial Architecture. Revised ed. Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press, 2000.
categories: commercial, reference, urban.

---. The Drive-in, the Supermarket, and the Transformation of Commercial Space in Los Angeles, 1914-1941. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999.
categories: commercial, industrial-era, monograph, roadside, suburban, urban.

Lounsbury, Carl, ed. An Illustrated Glossary of Early Southern Architecture and Landscape. Reprint. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1999.
categories: reference, region, techniques & technologies.

Lounsbury, Carl. The Courthouses of Early Virginia: An Architectural History. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2005.
categories: genre, monograph.

Marshall, Howard W. Paradise Valley, Nevada: The People and Buildings of an American Place. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1995.
categories: community, monograph, region.

Martin, Charles E. Hollybush: Folk Building and Social Change in an Appalachian Community. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1984.
categories: community, monograph.

McDaniel, George W. Hearth and Home: Preserving a People's Culture. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1982.
categories: community, monograph, race & ethnicity, region, rural.

McDonald, Travis C., Jr. Understanding Old Buildings: The Process of Architectural Investigation. Preservation Briefs 35. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1994. ( http://www.nps.gov/history/HPS/tps/briefs/brief35.htm )
categories: fieldwork.

McMurry, Sally Ann. Families and Farmhouses in Nineteenth-century America: Vernacular Design and Social Change. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997.
categories: agriculture, domestic, gender, monograph.

---. From Sugar Camps to Star Barns: Rural Life and Landscape in a Western Pennsylvania Community. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001.
categories: agriculture, community, genre, region, rural.

Meinig, D. W., ed. The Interpretation of Ordinary Landscapes: Geographical Essays. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.
categories: anthology, classic, landscape & geography.

Mills, Cynthia, and Pamela H. Simpson, eds. Monuments to the Lost Cause: Women, Art, and the Landscapes of Southern Memory. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2003.
categories: anthology, gender, region.

Nabokov, Peter. Architecture of Acoma Pueblo: The 1934 Historic American Buildings Survey Project. Santa Fe, N.M.: Ancient City Press, 1986.
categories: race & ethnicity, region.

Noble, Allen George. Wood, Brick, and Stone: The North American Settlement Landscape. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1984.
categories: agriculture, big picture, domestic, landscape & geography.

Oliver, Paul. Dwellings: The Vernacular House World Wide. Reprint. London: Phaidon, 2003.
categories: big picture, domestic, genre.

Oliver, Paul, ed. Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World. 3 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
categories: big picture, genre, nation, reference.

Pocius, Gerald L. A Place to Belong: Community Order and Everyday Space in Calvert, Newfoundland. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1991.
categories: community, monograph, region.

Prown, Jules David. “Style as Evidence.” Winterthur Portfolio 15, no. 3 (1980): 197-210.
categories: article, classic, techniques & technologies.

Rapoport, Amos. House Form and Culture. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1969.
categories: big picture, classic, genre.

Reiff, Daniel D. Houses from Books: Treatises, Pattern Books, and Catalogs in American Architecture, 1738-1950: A History and Guide. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000.
categories: domestic, industrial-era, monograph, reference.

Rose, Gillian. Feminism and Geography: The Limits of Geographical Knowledge. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.
categories: gender, landscape & geography.

Rotman, Deborah L., and Ellen-Rose Savulis, eds. Shared Spaces and Divided Places: Material Dimensions of Gender Relations and the American Historical Landscape. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2003.
categories: anthology, gender.

Rudofsky, Bernard. Architecture Without Architects: An Introduction to Nonpedigreed Architecture. New York: Museum of Modern Art; distributed by Doubleday, Garden City, N.Y., 1964.
categories: classic.

Schlereth, Thomas J., ed. Material Culture: A Research Guide. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1985.
categories: anthology, classic, getting started.

Sies, Mary Corbin. “North American Suburbs, 1880-1950: Cultural and Social Reconsiderations.” Journal of Urban History 27, no. 3 (2001): 313-346.
categories: article, bibliography, urban, suburban.

Simpson, Pamela H. Cheap, Quick, & Easy: Imitative Architectural Materials, 1870-1930. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1999.
categories: industrial-era, monograph, techniques & technologies.

Spain, Daphne. Gendered Spaces. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.
categories: gender.

St. George, Robert Blair, ed. Material Life in America, 1600-1860. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1988.
categories: anthology, classic, getting started.

Upton, Dell, ed. America's Architectural Roots: Ethnic Groups That Built America. New York: John Wiley, 1995.
categories: getting started, race & ethnicity, reference.

Upton, Dell. “Architectural History or Landscape History?.” Journal of Architectural Education 44, no. 4 (August 1991): 195-199.
categories: article, definitions, landscape & geography.

---. Architecture in the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
categories: big picture, getting started, nation.

---. Holy Things and Profane: Anglican Parish Churches in Colonial Virginia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.
categories: community, genre, monograph.

---. “Ordinary Buildings: A Bibliographical Essay on American Vernacular Architecture.” American Studies International 19 (Winter 1981): 57-75.
categories: article, bibliography.

---. “Outside the Academy: A Century of Vernacular Architecture Studies, 1890-1990.” In The Architectural Historian in America: A Symposium in Celebration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Founding of the Society of Architectural Historians, edited by Elisabeth B. MacDougall, 199-213. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art; Hanover, N.H. : Distributed by the University Press of New England, 1990.
categories: bibliography.

---. “Pattern Books and Professionalism: Aspects of the Transformation of Domestic Architecture in America, 1800-1860.” Winterthur Portfolio 19, no. 2/3 (1984): 107-150.
categories: article, industrial-era.

---. “The Power of Things: Recent Studies in American Vernacular Architecture.” American Quarterly 35, no. 3 (1983): 262-279.
categories: article, bibliography, definitions.

---. “Vernacular Domestic Architecture in Eighteenth-Century Virginia.” Winterthur Portfolio 17, no. 2/3 (1982): 95-119.
categories: article, domestic, region.

---. “White and Black Landscapes in Eighteenth-Century Virginia.” Places 2, no. 2 (Winter 1985): 59-72.
categories: article, community, race & ethnicity.

Upton, Dell, and John Michael Vlach, eds. Common Places: Readings in American Vernacular Architecture. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1986.
categories: anthology, bibliography, classic, definitions, getting started.

Upton, Dell, and John Michael Vlach. “Introduction.” In Common Places: Readings in American Vernacular Architecture, edited by Dell Upton and John Michael Vlach, xv-xvii. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1986.
categories: article, definitions, getting started.

Van Slyck, Abigail Ayres. A Manufactured Wilderness: Summer Camps and the Shaping of American Youth, 1890-1960. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2006.
categories: gender, genre, monograph, rural.

---. Free to All: Carnegie Libraries & American Culture, 1890-1920. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
categories: genre, industrial-era, monograph.

Vaughan, Thomas, ed. Space, Style, and Structure: Building in Northwest America. Portland: Oregon Historical Society, 1974.
categories: classic, region.

Venturi, Robert, Denise Scott Brown, and Steven Izenour. Learning from Las Vegas: The Forgotten Symbolism of Architectural Form. Reprint. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1977.
categories: classic, commercial, industrial-era, roadside.

Vlach, John Michael. Back of the Big House: The Architecture of Plantation Slavery. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.
categories: agriculture, genre, monograph, race & ethnicity, region.

---. Charleston Blacksmith: The Work of Philip Simmons. Revised ed. Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 1992.
categories: monograph, race & ethnicity, techniques & technologies.

---. The Afro-American Tradition in Decorative Arts. Reprint. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1990.
categories: classic, race & ethnicity.

Wallis, Allan D. Wheel Estate: The Rise and Decline of Mobile Homes. Reprint. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.
categories: domestic, genre, industrial-era, roadside.

Weaver, William Woys. “The Pennsylvania German House: European Antecedents and New World Forms.” Winterthur Portfolio 21, no. 4 (1986): 243-264.
categories: article, domestic, race & ethnicity.

Weisman, Leslie. Discrimination by Design: A Feminist Critique of the Man-Made Environment. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992.
categories: gender.

Wells, Camille. “Old Claims and New Demands: Verncular Architecture Studies Today.” In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture II, edited by Camille Wells, 1-11. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1986.
categories: definitions, getting started.

Williams, Michael Ann. Homeplace: The Social Use and Meaning of the Folk Dwelling in Southwestern North Carolina. Reprint. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2004.
categories: community, genre, monograph, region.

Wilson, Chris. The Myth of Santa Fe: Creating a Modern Regional Tradition. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1997.
categories: race & ethnicity, region, urban.

Wilson, Chris, and Paul Erling Groth, eds. Everyday America: Cultural Landscape Studies After J.B. Jackson. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.
categories: anthology, landscape & geography.

Wrenn, Tony P., and Elizabeth D. Mulloy. America's Forgotten Architecture. New York: Pantheon Books for the National Trust for Historic Preservation, 1976.
categories: big picture, classic.

Wright, Gwendolyn. Building the Dream: A Social History of Housing in America. New York: Pantheon Books, 1981.
categories: community, domestic, gender, urban.

---. Moralism and the Model Home: Domestic Architecture and Cultural Conflict in Chicago, 1873-1913. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.
categories: classic, domestic, gender.

Zelinsky, Wilbur. The Cultural Geography of the United States. Revised ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1992.
categories: big picture, classic, landscape & geography, nation.